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Roses are grown mainly for the fragrance and beauty of their flowers. They captivate our attention and are loved and grown as no other flower. They have been used for perfumes and fragrant oils, herbal medicines, and food decoration; and they appear and are referenced in paintings, fabrics, architecture, and literature. Fresh-picked roses are flowers of romance; and when dried and preserved, roses will last a long time.
Cultivated in China and the Middle East since early times, roses come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. Since Asian species were introduced into Europe, roses have been bred and crossed for beauty and hardiness to become "the queen of flowers."
There are over 100 species in the rose (Rosaceae) family, which have produced thousands of varieties. Roses are classified into three basic categories: species roses, old garden roses, and modern roses.
Roses are used in the landscape as foundation plantings, on trellises for privacy, as hedges or background plants, and for container plants. When considering where to plant roses, keep in mind that roses need at least six hours of full sun each day. Don't plant roses where they will be exposed to strong winds. Roses require slightly acid, well-drained soil. Large trees and shrubs with extensive roots should not be too close to the roses, because they will compete with them for nutrients and water. Some rose plant varieties grow quite large, so enough space should be allowed for the plants to mature.
When choosing roses, consider your climate as well as the roses' disease resistance, fragrance, color, and maintenance requirements. Roses are available as bare-root or container plants, and they are often sold through catalogs. Bare root roses must be planted in early spring as soon as they arrive. Potted roses are already established when purchased and can stay in their pots awhile before planting. Because potted roses are mostly sold locally, choices may be more limited.
After planting roses, mulch the plants and keep them watered, but don't allow the roots to stand in water. Regularly fertilize the plants, spray them if insects or diseases attack them, and prune out damaged wood and leaves when necessary. Pruning will also help to shape the rose into an attractive plant with beautiful blooms.
Finally, enjoy the blooms in your garden, or cut some roses, put them in a vase, and bring them indoors. Their fragrance and beauty will enhance any decor.
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Beautiful Roses - Rosaceae Family Classifications